Neonatal mortality in Jordan: secondary analysis of Jordan Population and Family Health Survey (JPFHS) data.admin
Authors: Nail Obeidat , Yousef Khader, Anwar Batieha, Nadin Abdel Razeq, Nihaya Al-Sheyab & Mohammad Khassawneh
Objective: This study aimed to analyze the 2009 Jordan Population and Family Health Survey (JPFHS) data to determine the level, trend, and distribution of neonatal mortality (NNM) in Jordan and determine its associated factors.
Methods: Nationally representative data on NNM were extracted from the JPFHS data. Using multivariate analyses, the strength of associations between 12 clinical/sociodemographic variables and neonatal mortality were quantified after controlling for potential confounders.
Results: The weighted NNM rate for 2005–2009 period was 16 deaths per 1000 live births, with the early NNM rate and late NNM rates were 10 deaths per 1000 live births and six deaths per 1000 live births, respectively. Fluctuations of NNM according to year of birth and geographic variations were noted. Risk of NNM increased among male newborns, as mother’s education level decreased, in mothers 40–49 years old, in multiple gestations-low birth weight neonates, and as birth interval was <3 years.
Conclusion: The NNR rate for 2005–2009 period of 16 deaths per 1000 live births indicates that there are opportunities to decrease it. Risk factors of neonatal mortality with respect to predictors of death during first days of life and variables related to geographic variations require particular focus to improve the quality of obstetric and neonatal health services and to decrease neonatal mortality.